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libdm: add latency histogram support
Add support for creating, parsing, and reporting dmstats latency histograms on kernels that support precise_timestamps. Histograms are specified as a series of time values that give the boundaries of the bins into which I/O counts accumulate (with implicit lower and upper bounds on the first and last bins). A new type, struct dm_histogram, is introduced to represent histogram values and bin boundaries. The boundary values may be given as either a string of values (with optional unit suffixes) or as a zero terminated array of uint64_t values expressing boundary times in nanoseconds. A new bounds argument is added to dm_stats_create_region() which accepts a pointer to a struct dm_histogram initialised with bounds values. Histogram data associated with a region is parsed during a call to dm_stats_populate() and used to build a table of histogram values that are pointed to from the containing area's counter set. The histogram for a specified area may then be obtained and interogated for values and properties. This relies on kernel support to provide the boundary values in a @stats_list response: this will be present in 4.3 and 4.2stable. A check for a minimum driver version of 4.33.0 is implemented to ensure that this is present (4.32.0 has the necessary precise_timestamps and histogram features but is unable to report these via @stats_list). Access methods are provided to retrieve histogram values and bounds as well as simple string representations of the counts and bin boundaries. Methods are also available to return the total count for a histogram and the relative value (as a dm_percent_t) of a specified bin.
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@ 4,6 +4,8 @@ Version 1.02.107 




Version 1.02.106  26th August 2015


===================================


Add public methods to libdmstats to access numerical histogram data.


Add the ability to parse histogram data into numeric form to libdmstats.


Add 'precise' column to statistics reports.


Add precise switch to 'dmstats create' to request nanosecond counters.


Add precise argument to dm_stats_create_region().




15
libdm/.exported_symbols.DM_1_02_107
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15
libdm/.exported_symbols.DM_1_02_107
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@ 0,0 +1,15 @@


dm_histogram_bounds_destroy


dm_histogram_bounds_from_string


dm_histogram_bounds_from_uint64


dm_histogram_get_bin_count


dm_histogram_get_bin_lower


dm_histogram_get_bin_percent


dm_histogram_get_bin_upper


dm_histogram_get_bin_width


dm_histogram_get_nr_bins


dm_histogram_get_sum


dm_histogram_to_string


dm_stats_create_region


dm_stats_driver_supports_histogram


dm_stats_get_histogram


dm_stats_get_region_nr_histogram_bins


@ 433,6 +433,19 @@ int dm_get_status_thin(struct dm_pool *mem, const char *params,


*/


struct dm_stats;




/*


* Histogram handle.


*


* A histogram object represents the latency histogram values and bin


* boundaries of the histogram associated with a particular area.


*


* Operations on the handle allow the number of bins, bin boundaries,


* counts and relative proportions to be obtained as well as the


* conversion of a histogram or its bounds to a compact string


* representation.


*/


struct dm_histogram;




/*


* Allocate a dm_stats handle to use for subsequent devicemapper


* statistics operations. A program_id may be specified and will be



@ 474,11 +487,12 @@ int dm_stats_bind_uuid(struct dm_stats *dms, const char *uuid);


int dm_message_supports_precise_timestamps(void);




/*


* Precise timetamps support.


* Precise timetamps and histogram support.


*


* Test for the presence of precise_timestamps support.


* Test for the presence of precise_timestamps and histogram support.


*/


int dm_stats_driver_supports_precise(void);


int dm_stats_driver_supports_histogram(void);




/*


* Returns 1 if the specified region has the precise_timestamps feature



@ 561,6 +575,28 @@ int dm_stats_populate(struct dm_stats *dms, const char *program_id,


* If precise is nonzero attempt to create a region with nanosecond


* precision counters using the kernel precise_timestamps feature.


*


* precise  A flag to request nanosecond precision counters


* to be used for this region.


*


* histogram_bounds  specify the boundaries of a latency histogram to


* be tracked for the region. The values are expressed as an array of


* uint64_t terminated with a zero. Values must be in order of ascending


* magnitude and specify the upper bounds of successive histogram bins


* in nanoseconds (with an implicit lower bound of zero on the first bin


* and an implicit upper bound of infinity on the final bin). For


* example:


*


* uint64_t bounds_ary[] = { 1000, 2000, 3000, 0 };


*


* Specifies a histogram with four bins: 01000ns, 10002000ns,


* 20003000ns and >3000ns.


*


* The smallest latency value that can be tracked for a region not using


* precise_timestamps is 1ms: attempting to create a region with


* histogram boundaries < 1ms will cause the precise_timestamps feature


* to be enabled for that region automatically if it was not requested


* explicitly.


*


* program_id is an optional string argument that identifies the


* program creating the region. If program_id is NULL or the empty


* string the default program_id stored in the handle will be used.



@ 574,7 +610,7 @@ int dm_stats_populate(struct dm_stats *dms, const char *program_id,


*/


int dm_stats_create_region(struct dm_stats *dms, uint64_t *region_id,


uint64_t start, uint64_t len, int64_t step,


int precise,


int precise, struct dm_histogram *bounds,


const char *program_id, const char *aux_data);




/*



@ 660,8 +696,74 @@ uint64_t dm_stats_get_region_nr_areas(const struct dm_stats *dms,


uint64_t dm_stats_get_nr_areas(const struct dm_stats *dms);




/*


* Destroy a dm_stats object and all associated regions and counter


* sets.


* Return the number of bins in the histogram configuration for the


* specified region or zero if no histogram specification is configured.


* Valid following a dm_stats_list() or dm_stats_populate() operation.


*/


int dm_stats_get_region_nr_histogram_bins(const struct dm_stats *dms,


uint64_t region_id);




/*


* Parse a histogram string with optional unit suffixes into a


* dm_histogram bounds description.


*


* A histogram string is a string of numbers "n1,n2,n3,..." that


* represent the boundaries of a histogram. The first and final bins


* have implicit lower and upper bounds of zero and infinity


* respectively and boundary values must occur in order of ascending


* magnitude. Unless a unit suffix is given all values are specified in


* nanoseconds.


*


* For example, if bounds_str="300,600,900", the region will be created


* with a histogram containing four bins. Each report will include four


* numbers a:b:c:d. a is the number of requests that took between 0 and


* 300ns to complete, b is the number of requests that took 300600ns to


* complete, c is the number of requests that took 600900ns to complete


* and d is the number of requests that took more than 900ns to


* complete.


*


* An optional unit suffix of 's', 'ms', 'us', or 'ns' may be used to


* specify units of seconds, miliseconds, microseconds, or nanoseconds:


*


* bounds_str="1ns,1us,1ms,1s"


* bounds_str="500us,1ms,1500us,2ms"


* bounds_str="200ms,400ms,600ms,800ms,1s"


*


* The smallest valid unit of time for a histogram specification depends


* on whether the region uses precise timestamps: for a region with the


* default milisecond precision the smallest possible histogram boundary


* magnitude is one milisecond: attempting to use a histogram with a


* boundary less than one milisecond when creating a region will cause


* the region to be created with the precise_timestamps feature enabled.


*/


struct dm_histogram *dm_histogram_bounds_from_string(const char *bounds_str);




/*


* Parse a zero terminated array of uint64_t into a dm_histogram bounds


* description.


*


* Each value in the array specifies the upper bound of a bin in the


* latency histogram in nanoseconds. Values must appear in ascending


* order of magnitude.


*


* The smallest valid unit of time for a histogram specification depends


* on whether the region uses precise timestamps: for a region with the


* default milisecond precision the smallest possible histogram boundary


* magnitude is one milisecond: attempting to use a histogram with a


* boundary less than one milisecond when creating a region will cause


* the region to be created with the precise_timestamps feature enabled.


*/


struct dm_histogram *dm_histogram_bounds_from_uint64(const uint64_t *bounds);




/*


* Destroy the histogram bounds array obtained from a call to


* dm_histogram_bounds_from_string().


*/


void dm_histogram_bounds_destroy(struct dm_histogram *bounds);




/*


* Destroy a dm_stats object and all associated regions, counter


* sets and histograms.


*/


void dm_stats_destroy(struct dm_stats *dms);





@ 2643,6 +2745,119 @@ int dm_stats_get_throughput(const struct dm_stats *dms, double *tput,


int dm_stats_get_utilization(const struct dm_stats *dms, dm_percent_t *util,


uint64_t region_id, uint64_t area_id);




/*


* Statistics histogram access methods.


*


* Methods to access latency histograms for regions that have them


* enabled. Each histogram contains a configurable number of bins


* spanning a user defined latency interval.


*


* The bin count, upper and lower bin bounds, and bin values are


* made available via the following area methods.


*


* Methods to obtain a simple string representation of the histogram


* and its bounds are also provided.


*/




/*


* Retrieve a pointer to the histogram associated with the specified


* area. If the area does not have a histogram configured this function


* returns NULL.


*


* The pointer does not need to be freed explicitly by the caller: it


* will become invalid following a subsequent dm_stats_list(),


* dm_stats_populate() or dm_stats_destroy() of the corresponding


* dm_stats handle.


*


* If region_id or area_id is one of the special values


* DM_STATS_REGION_CURRENT or DM_STATS_AREA_CURRENT the current cursor


* value is used to select the region or area.


*/


struct dm_histogram *dm_stats_get_histogram(const struct dm_stats *dms,


uint64_t region_id,


uint64_t area_id);




/*


* Return the number of bins in the specified histogram handle.


*/


int dm_histogram_get_nr_bins(const struct dm_histogram *dmh);




/*


* Get the lower bound of the specified bin of the histogram for the


* area specified by region_id and area_id. The value is returned in


* nanoseconds.


*/


uint64_t dm_histogram_get_bin_lower(const struct dm_histogram *dmh, int bin);




/*


* Get the upper bound of the specified bin of the histogram for the


* area specified by region_id and area_id. The value is returned in


* nanoseconds.


*/


uint64_t dm_histogram_get_bin_upper(const struct dm_histogram *dmh, int bin);




/*


* Get the width of the specified bin of the histogram for the area


* specified by region_id and area_id. The width is equal to the bin


* upper bound minus the lower bound and yields the range of latency


* values covered by this bin. The value is returned in nanoseconds.


*/


uint64_t dm_histogram_get_bin_width(const struct dm_histogram *dmh, int bin);




/*


* Get the value of the specified bin of the histogram for the area


* specified by region_id and area_id.


*/


uint64_t dm_histogram_get_bin_count(const struct dm_histogram *dmh, int bin);




/*


* Get the percentage (relative frequency) of the specified bin of the


* histogram for the area specified by region_id and area_id.


*/


dm_percent_t dm_histogram_get_bin_percent(const struct dm_histogram *dmh,


int bin);




/*


* Return the total observations (sum of bin counts) for the histogram


* of the area specified by region_id and area_id.


*/


uint64_t dm_histogram_get_sum(const struct dm_histogram *dmh);




/*


* Histogram formatting flags.


*/


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_VALUES 0x1


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_SUFFIX 0x2


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_PERCENT 0X4


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_LOWER 0x10


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_UPPER 0x20


#define DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_RANGE 0x30




/*


* Return a string representation of the supplied histogram's values and


* bin boundaries.


*


* The bin argument selects the bin to format. If this argument is less


* than zero all bins will be included in the resulting string.


*


* flags is a collection of flag arguments that control the string format:


*


* DM_HISTOGRAM_VALUES  Include bin values in the string.


* DM_HISTOGRAM_SUFFIX  Include time unit suffixes when printing bounds.


* DM_HISTOGRAM_PERCENT  Format bin values as a percentage.


*


* DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_LOWER  Include the lower bound of each bin.


* DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_UPPER  Include the upper bound of each bin.


* DM_HISTOGRAM_BOUNDS_RANGE  Show the span of each bin as "loup".


*


* The returned pointer does not need to be freed explicitly by the


* caller: it will become invalid following a subsequent


* dm_stats_list(), dm_stats_populate() or dm_stats_destroy() of the


* corresponding dm_stats handle.


*/


const char *dm_histogram_to_string(const struct dm_histogram *dmh, int bin,


int width, int flags);




/*************************


* config file parse/print


*************************/




File diff suppressed because it is too large
Load Diff

@ 4533,7 +4533,7 @@ static int _do_stats_create_regions(struct dm_stats *dms,


this_len = (segments) ? segment_len : this_len;


if (!dm_stats_create_region(dms, ®ion_id,


this_start, this_len, step,


precise,


precise, NULL,


program_id, aux_data)) {


log_error("%s: Could not create statistics region.",


devname);




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